Wheat is the second largest agricultural crop in the world after rice.
Wheat is one of the first plants to be domesticated as a food crop by ancient civilizations. It originated from wild grasses native to the arid countries northwest of Fertile Crescent (between Armenia and the Caspian Sea in western Asia) between 8 000 and 10 000 years ago. It is now grown in virtually all parts of the world and is considered an important grain crop in the world economy.
Wheat production is unique in South Africa in the sense that there are three distinct wheat production areas, each with their own challenges and specific requirements.